Lankford, Hawley, Daines, McClain, Luetkemeyer Demand DOJ Investigation on Illegal Fetal Tissue Research

WASHINGTON, DC – Senators James Lankford (R-OK), Josh Hawley (R-MO), Steve Daines (R-MT) along with Reps. Lisa McClain (R-MI) and Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO), led a letter to Attorney General Merrick Garland, HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra and NIH Director Francis Collins asking for a complete investigation into the University of Pittsburgh’s abortion procedures and research. Recent reports from the NIH show the university may have violated federal law by altering abortion procedures solely for the purpose of obtaining fetal tissue. Even worse, the reports show that university researchers may have harvested organs from babies who were old enough to live outside the womb. 

“Exploiting the body parts of aborted children for research purposes is repulsive and should stop, regardless of the  outcome hoped for by researchers. Research using abortive fetal tissue is unethical, wrong, and has also been proven ineffective. Despite being used in clinical research since the 1920s, fetal tissue has not produced a single clinicaltreatment,” said the letter. 

Senators Jim Inhofe (R-OK), Ted Cruz (R-TX), John Boozman (R-AR), Bill Cassidy (R-LA), John Thune (R-SD), Jim Risch (R-ID), Jerry Moran (R-KS), Tom Cotton (R-AR), Marco Rubio (R-FL), Roger Wicker (R-MS), Mike Braun (R-IN), Mike Rounds (R-SD), Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS), Rick Scott (R-FL), Marsha Blackburn (R-TN), and Rand Paul (R-KY), and Reps. Jim Jordan (R-OH), Jim Banks (R-IN), Chris Smith (R-NJ), Rodney Davis (R-IL), Jake LaTurner (R-KS), Jeff Duncan (R-SC), Michael Cloud (R-TX), Randy Feenstra (R-IA), Ralph Norman (R-SC), Brian Babin (R-TX), Markwayne Mullin (R-OK), Chris Jacobs (R-NY), Glenn Thompson (R-PA), William Timmons (R-SC), Ann Wagner (R-MO), Tim Walberg (R-MI), Paul Gosar (R-AZ), Steve Womack (R-AR), Matthew Rosendale (R-MT), Ben Cline (R-VA), Roger Williams (R-TX), Debbie Lesko (R-AZ), Jody Hice (R-GA), Scott Franklin (R-FL), Doug LaMalfa (R-CA), Brad Wenstrup (R-OH), David McKinley (R-WV), Bob Good (R-VA), Andrew Clyde (R-GA), Lauren Boebert (R-CO), Tom Tiffany (R-WI), Daniel Webster (R-FL), Ronny Jackson (R-TX), Guy Reschenthaler (R-PA), Louie Gohmert (R-TX), David Kustoff (R-TN), Andy Harris (R-MD), John Rose (R-TN), Bill Huizenga (R-MI), Mike Bost (R-IL), Michelle Fischbach (R-MN), and Michael Burgess (R-TX) cosigned the letter. 

A copy of the letter is HERE and below.  

September 21, 2021

Dear Attorney General Garland, Secretary Becerra, and Director Collins, 

We are alarmed by public records obtained from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) which show that the University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) may have violated federal law by altering abortion procedures to harvest organs from babies who were old enough to live outside the womb. We ask for a complete investigation into the activities of this organization and a fullreport of findings and any remedial measures necessary.

The NIH documents detailing Pitt’s grant request were obtained in response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request from the Center for Medical Progress. Between fiscal years 2016 and 2020, NIH awarded approximately $1.5 million to Pitt for a project related to the GenitoUrinary Developmental Molecular Anatomy Project (GUDMAP) program. The GUDMAP program was intended to provide the scientific and medical community tools to study “congenital diseases of the genitourinary tract (kidneys, bladder, ureter, uretha)” by obtaining such organs from aborted babies for research. In its application for funding to be a GUDMAP “tissue hub and collection site” Pitt states that its Health Science Tissue Bank (HSTB) has been involved in procuring and disbursing the body parts of aborted babies for years, noting that “the fetal tissue IRB [Institutional Review Board] has been in place since 2005.” The application contains references in several places regarding the HSTB to the Pitt Institutional Review Board (IRB) but also states that the IRB forms are in the process of being altered and the IRB review is pending.

First, Pitt’s application raises concern that it has failed to comply with federal law prohibiting the alteration of abortion procedures solely for the purpose of obtaining fetal tissue, which states that an attending physician may have “no part   in any decisions as to the timing, method, or procedures used to terminate a pregnancy.” It is not clear that Pitt has complied with these legal requirements based on the following statements on Pitt’s grant application: 

  • Pitt states that “ischemia time is minimized” when it obtains fetal tissue. NIH defines “ischemia” as “time a tissue,organ, or body part remains at body temperature after its blood supply has been reduced or cut off but before it iscooled or reconnected to a blood supply.” It would be illegal for Pitt to alter the “timing, method, or procedures” ofthe abortion to minimize ischemia time 
  • Pitt states that it “tailor[s] [its] collection processes on a case-by-case basis to maximize the needs of    investigators.” It would be illegal for researchers to have any part in the decisions surrounding the obtainment offetal tissue from elective abortions.

Second, if the organs were harvested from babies born after induced abortion, we are concerned that some of these babies were born alive, could have survived with appropriate care, and may have died as a result of having their organs harvested. Pitt’s application states that it can obtain access to the organs and tissues of unborn babies  between 6-24 weeks gestation, but it partners with another organization to obtain unborn babies between 25-42 weeks’ gestation. Babies as young as less than 22 weeks gestation have been known to survive outside the womb with appropriate care. The statements about “warm ischemia” raise questions about the cause of death for these babies. As noted above, Pitt states that it sought to minimize the time between when the blood supply to an organ was reduced and when the organ is cooled or reconnected. If the organs are harvested from a baby born after induced abortion, it is possible the baby was delivered alive, and the removal of the organs was the cause of the baby’s death.

Exploiting the body parts of aborted children for research purposes is repulsive and should stop, regardless of the  outcome hoped for by researchers. Research using abortive fetal tissue is unethical, wrong, and has also been proven ineffective. Despite being used in clinical research since the 1920s, fetal tissue has not produced a single clinicaltreatment.

Based on these considerations, for the federal awards given the project number 1U24DK110791, please provide full  and clear responses to the following information requests going back to the beginning of the grant  project period to today:

  • The number of cases at each gestational age involving abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonate                   utilized in the GUDMAP program during the grant project period 
  • Detailed protocols for Dilation & Curettage, Dilation & Evacuation, and Labor Induction followed to                 obtain fetaltissue for the GUDMAP program;
  • The detailed biospecimen collection IRB application and approval for the Health Science Tissue Bank;
  • Documentation to verify the physiological status of babies delivered by labor induction upon tissue harvest;
  • The number of fetal tissue collection procedures from babies delivered by labor induction; 
  • Documentation of the number of babies delivered by labor induction that were deceased, and cardiac  activity had ceased prior to fetal organ and tissue collection;
  • Documentation of when “warm ischemia” time was recorded with reference to death when collecting                            organs andtissue from abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonate; 
  • Documentation on the specific steps that were taken to minimize warm ischemic time when collecting organs and tissue from abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth, and                     neonate;
  • Details on how specimens are collected and transferred to the Tissue Hub and the personnel involved at  each step; 
  • Documentation of how compliance is ensured (including any reporting and oversight mechanisms) with  regard to each of the following statutes and regulations:
  • The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act (18 U.S.C. 1531);
  • Research protections for pregnant women and fetuses (42 U.S.C. 289g, 289g-1, and 45 C.F.R. 46.204);
  • Research protections for neonates (45 C.F.R. 46.205); and,
  • Prohibitions regarding fetal tissue (42 U.S.C. 289g-2, 45 C.F.R. 46.206).

We appreciate your attention to this matter and look forward to your prompt and thorough response to each of these requests. We ask for a response by the date of October 12, 2021.